For many people, Ramadan is a time of fasting, reconciliation and physical and mental purification. It is one of the five pillars on which their religion is founded.
In this ninth month of the Muslim lunar calendar, which this year runs from 1 to 31 August, many Muslims follow fasting guidelines such as not eating and drinking between dawn and sunset.
It is important to remember that various groups of people are exempt from these obligations:
1) People with a chronic illness are exempt from observing Ramadan
2) People with an acute illness may make up for it by fasting later
3) Pregnant women
4) Breastfeeding women
5) People who are traveling
6) Women who are menstruating during Ramadan
A number of academics, in collaboration with various imams, have written papers explaining the medications that are permitted during Ramadan and those that are not. Professor N. Adil writes about permitted medications and actions in his work “Drug Intake during Ramadan, BMJ 2004; 329: 778-782“:
Permitted medications and actions:
1) Eye and ear drops
2) Nitroglycerin tablets placed under the tongue for the treatment of angina
3) All substances absorbed into the body through the skin, such as creams, ointments, and medicated plasters
4) Insertion into the vagina of pessaries, medical ovules, and vaginal washes
5) Oxygen and anesthetic gases
6) Injections through the skin, muscle, joints, or veins, with the exception of intravenous feeding
7) Nose drops, nose sprays, and inhalers
8)Mouthwash, gargle, or oral spray
UniversalDoctor is an attempt to improve multilingual communication between patients and medical personnel through different types of aids such as multilingual applications, guides, expert videos, etc.
This link (Ramadan Speaker ) provides access to this small application where you can find out more about observing Ramadan and explain to patients the exceptions regarding following it, from six different languages into Moroccan Arabic:
As with some of UniversalDoctor applications this application is available for free, all-year round.